What is hemp as a drug?
The drug – cannabis is obtained from hemp genus Sativa or Cannabis indica. The plant is akin to hops and nettles. Hemp grows wild in many parts of the world.
The hemp plant contains more than 400 chemicals, including penicillin-like antibiotics, cannabis acids. Chemical derivatives of cannabis can be used both for recreation and for therapeutic (therapeutic) purposes.
As a recreational drug, cannabis can be used in a variety of forms, including:
• as a dried plant (grass)
• in the form of a powder
What are the main active substances of cannabis?
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The main active components of cannabis are:
THC (tetrahydrocannabinol, or delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol)
Studies have shown that THC has a mild and moderate analgesic (analgesic) effect, and can be used to treat pain. THC promotes the release of certain mediators in the spinal cord, which leads to pain relief.
Tetrahydrocannabinol stimulates appetite, causes a relaxed state, and also affects the sense of smell, hearing and vision of a person. It can also cause fatigue. In some people, THC can reduce the symptoms of aggression.
Some studies have shown that THC can be used as a remedy to relieve nausea and / or vomiting.
Laboratory tests on animals showed sedative (calming) effect of cannabidiols. Some studies say that this substance increases the liveliness and clarity of the mind. Nevertheless, experts say that cannabidiols can interfere with the metabolism of THC in the liver and the excretion of THC from the body can slow down.
Some studies also demonstrate the ability of cannabidiols to alleviate the symptoms of nausea, eliminate anxiety, inflammation and convulsions. A number of oncologists believe that cannabidiols can suppress the growth of cancer cells.
Based on the results of recent studies, scientists say that cannabidiols can be useful in treating atypical psychoses in patients with schizophrenia, as well as to alleviate the symptoms of dystonia. Dystonia is a syndrome in which spasmodic muscle contractions occur. Muscle spasms are often unpredictable, change the normal position of the body, can be chronic and cause significant discomfort, pain and disability.
There is another type of cannabis, which the Americans call Skunk. This type contains three times more THC than other species.
Three types of cannabis.
Cannabis indica contains more cannabidiols than Cannabis sativa. The higher the CBD / THC coefficient, the lower the risk of an alarm.
What are the effects of cannabis?
Cannabis, or marijuana, is the most well-known illegal drug that you can buy on the “black market.” Marijuana can be added to a cigarette with ordinary tobacco, simply wrapped in tobacco paper, placed in a tube, it is brewed like tea or added to food.
When using cannabis, both physiological and psychoactive effects appear. To obtain a noticeable psychoactive effect, approximately 10 micro grams of THC (tetrahedron) per kilogram of body weight is needed.